ERIC Number: EJ781275
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Reference Count: 0
School Functioning in Early Adolescence: Gender-Linked Responses to Peer Victimization
Hoglund, Wendy L. G.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v99 n4 p683-699 Nov 2007
Research indicates that peer victimization contributes to poor school functioning in childhood and adolescence, yet the processes by which victimization interferes with school functioning are unclear. This study examined internalizing and externalizing problems as domain-specific mediators of the association between subtypes of peer victimization (relational, physical) and school functioning (engagement, achievement) with a cross-sectional sample of 337 early adolescents. School engagement was examined further as a proximal process that intervenes in the associations between internalizing and externalizing problems and achievement. Gender differences in these associations were assessed. As expected, internalizing problems showed stronger links with relational than with physical victimization and partially mediated the influence of both on engagement for girls but not boys. Externalizing problems partially mediated the influence of both subtypes of victimization on school functioning for girls and physical victimization for boys. Notably, engagement was a robust mediator of the contributions of internalizing problems and physical victimization to achievement for girls and externalizing problems to achievement for girls and boys. Findings also suggest that physical (but not relational) victimization partially mediates the link between internalizing and externalizing problems and school functioning.
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Peer Relationship, Gender Differences, Victims of Crime, Bullying, Antisocial Behavior, Correlation, Academic Achievement, Student Participation, Educational Environment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A