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ERIC Number: EJ781142
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 26
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 104
ISSN: ISSN-0013-1245
School Structural Characteristics, Student Effort, Peer Associations, and Parental Involvement: The Influence of School- and Individual-Level Factors on Academic Achievement
Stewart, Endya B.
Education and Urban Society, v40 n2 p179-204 2008
This research examines the extent to which individual-level and school structural variables are predictors of academic achievement among a sample of 10th grade students abstracted from the National Educational Longitudinal Study database. A secondary analysis of the data produced the following findings. The study results show that individual-level predictors, such as student effort, parent-child discussion, and associations with positive peers, play a substantial role in increasing students' achievement. Furthermore, the results also suggest that school climate--in particular, the sense of school cohesion felt by students, teachers, and administrators--is important to successful student outcomes. In total, school structural characteristics were found to have relatively small effects on student achievement when compared with individual-level characteristics. Given these results, interventions aimed at improving academic achievement need take into consideration the impact of individual-level and school structural factors on students and their ability to succeed. (Contains 2 tables and 5 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Cited: ED565617