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ERIC Number: EJ780878
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Pages: 29
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 44
ISSN: ISSN-0964-5292
Determinants of Academic Attainment in the United States: A Quantile Regression Analysis of Test Scores
Haile, Getinet Astatike; Nguyen, Anh Ngoc
Education Economics, v16 n1 p29-57 Mar 2008
We investigate the determinants of high school students' academic attainment in mathematics, reading and science in the United States; focusing particularly on possible differential impacts of ethnicity and family background across the distribution of test scores. Using data from the NELS2000 and employing quantile regression, we find two important results. First, the gaps in mathematics, reading and science test scores among ethnic groups vary across the conditional quantiles of the measured test scores. Specifically, Blacks and Hispanics tend to fare worse in their attainment at higher quantiles, particularly in science. Secondly, the effects of family background factors such as parental education and father's occupation also vary across quantiles of the test score distribution. The implication of these findings is that the influence racial and family background factors may have on academic attainment, which are commonly identified on the basis of a conditional mean distribution of test scores, may not tell the whole story the attainment discourse has to note. (Contains 8 tables and 10 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A