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ERIC Number: EJ780875
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Pages: 19
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 47
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0364-0213
Understanding Our Understanding of Strategic Scenarios: What Role Do Chunks Play?
Linhares, Alexandre; Brum, Paulo
Cognitive Science, v31 n6 p989-1007 Nov 2007
There is a crucial debate concerning the nature of chess chunks: One current possibility states that chunks are built by encoding particular combinations of pieces-on-squares (POSs), and that chunks are formed mostly by "close" pieces (in a "Euclidean" sense). A complementary hypothesis is that chunks are encoded by abstract, semantic information. This article extends recent experiments and shows that chess players are able to perceive strong similarity between very different positions if the pieces retain the same abstract roles in both of them. This casts doubt on the idea that POS information is the key information encoded in chess chunks, and this article proposes, instead, that the key encoding involves the abstract roles that pieces (and sets of pieces) play--a theoretical standpoint in line with the research program in semantics that places analogy at the core of cognition. (Contains 2 figures and 2 tables. Appended are full set of positions and the corresponding commentary.)
Lawrence Erlbaum. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/default.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil