ERIC Number: EJ780847
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Reference Count: 39
Does Gender Influence Learning Style Preferences of First-Year Medical Students?
Slater, Jill A.; Lujan, Heidi L.; DiCarlo, Stephen E.
Advances in Physiology Education, v31 n4 p336-342 Dec 2007
Students have specific learning style preferences, and these preferences may be different between male and female students. Understanding a student's learning style preference is an important consideration when designing classroom instruction. Therefore, we administered the visual, auditory, reading/writing, kinesthetic (VARK) learning preferences questionnaire to our first-year medical students; 38.8% (97 of 250 students) of the students returned the completed questionnaire. Both male (56.1%) and female (56.7%) students preferred multiple modes of information presentation, and the numbers and types of modality combinations were not significantly different between genders. Although not significantly different, the female student population tended to be more diverse than the male population, encompassing a broader range of sensory modality combinations within their preference profiles. Instructors need to be cognizant of these differences and broaden their range of presentation styles accordingly. (Contains 3 figures. The VARK Questionnaire is appended.)
Descriptors: Medical Students, Cognitive Style, Questionnaires, Gender Differences, Student Attitudes, Medical Education, College Freshmen, Visual Learning, Aural Learning, Writing (Composition), Reading, Kinesthetic Perception, Learning Modalities
American Physiological Society. 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20814-3991. Tel: 301-634-7164; Fax: 301-634-7241; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://advan.physiology.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A