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ERIC Number: EJ780278
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 17
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0275-7664
Vengeance without Justice, Injustice without Retribution: The Afro-American Council's Struggle against Racial Violence
Alexander, Shawn Leigh
Great Plains Quarterly, v27 n2 p117-133 Spr 2007
On January 19, 1901, just one week after Leavenworth, Kansas, witnessed the burning of Fred Alexander, a twenty-two-year-old black Spanish-American war veteran, the "Wichita Searchlight" called for armed self-defense. The brutal murder of Alexander horrified many African Americans throughout the region, who decided that it was time to stand up and let their grievances be heard. Black citizens created a state branch of the country's only national civil rights organization of the period, the Afro-American Council. This article highlights the activities of the Kansas Afro-American Council and its response to the lynching of Fred Alexander. The Council represented the persistence of a protest tradition in post-Reconstruction America and showed the desire among certain individuals for the creation and preservation of a national civil rights organization.
Center for Great Plains Studies. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 1155 Q Street, Hewit Place, P.O. Box 880214, Lincoln, NE 68588-0214. Tel: 402-472-3082; Fax: 402-472-0463; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kansas