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ERIC Number: EJ780043
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 13
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 42
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0143-0343
Cross-Cultural Learning Approaches in Students from the USA, Japan and Taiwan
Brown, Michael B.; Aoshima, Megumi; Bolen, Larry M.; Chia, Rosina; Kohyama, Takaya
School Psychology International, v28 n5 p592-604 2007
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between approaches to learning and locus of control of students from the USA, Japan, and Taiwan. The results show that students from the USA utilized more rote memory learning compared to students from Japan and Taiwan, while students from Japan were more likely to be "Achieving" learners than peers from either the USA or Taiwan. "Deep Approaches" to learning, however, were similar across the three groups. Students from both Japan and Taiwan exhibited higher levels of external orientation than did students from the USA. Although cultural characteristics were reflected in students' locus of control orientation, there were no differences in students' deep processing understanding strategies as all students displayed low levels. School psychologists must therefore be aware that students from different Asian cultural backgrounds do not have a singular approach to learning or a singular locus of control orientation. The mediating role of cultural context in learning must be considered for individual students in order to implement appropriate and effective teaching strategies, techniques, and methods that promote deep level understanding for learners with differing cultural backgrounds. (Contains 3 tables.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan; Taiwan; United States