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ERIC Number: EJ779910
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Pages: 10
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 17
ISSN: ISSN-0141-1926
Measuring Standards in Primary English: The Validity of PIRLS--A Response to Mary Hilton
Whetton, Chris; Twist, Liz; Sainsbury, Marian
British Educational Research Journal, v33 n6 p977-986 Dec 2007
Hilton (2006) criticises the PIRLS (Progress in International Reading Literacy Study) tests and the survey conduct, raising questions about the validity of international surveys of reading. Her criticisms fall into four broad areas: cultural validity, methodological issues, construct validity and the survey in England. However, her criticisms are shown to be mistaken. Her claim of forced unidimensionality in the tests is not supported by statistical analyses and her claims of cultural strangeness are contradicted by the involvement of all the countries involved. She is concerned about linguistic diversity but this is actually reflected in the ways countries organise their surveys. Finally, Hilton suggests that the English sample was biased, but fails to recognise the stringent sampling requirements or the monitoring roles of external assessors and the sampling referee. A careful study of the evidence concerning PIRLS shows that it is actually a fair and robust measure of reading attainment in different countries.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Primary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)