ERIC Number: EJ779652
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 75
Models and Mechanisms for Evaluating Government-Funded Research: An International Comparison
Coryn, Chris L. S.; Hattie, John A.; Scriven, Michael; Hartmann, David J.
American Journal of Evaluation, v28 n4 p437-457 2007
This research describes, classifies, and comparatively evaluates national models and mechanisms used to evaluate research and allocate research funding in 16 countries. Although these models and mechanisms vary widely in terms of how research is evaluated and financed, nearly all share the common characteristic of relating funding to some measure of past performance. Each of these 16 national models and mechanisms were rated by independent, blinded panels of professional researchers and evaluators in two countries on more than 25 quality indicators. The national models were then ranked using the panels' ratings, in terms of their validity, credibility, utility, cost-effectiveness, and ethicality. The highest ratings were received by nations using large-scale research assessment exercises. Bulk funding and indicator-driven models received substantially lower ratings. Implications for research evaluation practice and policy are considered and discussed. (Contains 4 tables, 3 figures and 2 notes.)
Descriptors: Ethics, Evaluation Methods, Comparative Analysis, Resource Allocation, Validity, Cost Effectiveness, Models, Scientific Research, Financial Support, Evaluators, Classification, Credibility, Government Role
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.