ERIC Number: EJ779598
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Pre-Exam Instruction on Students' Performance on an Effective Writing Exam
Saunders, Paula; Scialfa, Charles T.
Written Communication, v20 n2 p195-212 2003
The purpose of Study 1a was to determine the criteria that differentiate students who perform well and those who perform poorly on a standardized test of university-level writing. Discriminant function analysis revealed that measures of structure, sentencing, paragraphing, and grammar play the most important role in separating these two groups. These results were used in Study 1b to develop a tutorial attended by an independent group of students preparing to write a standardized writing exam. The intervention had a positive effect on their test performance. Participants reported the tutorial to be useful, committed fewer errors on most of the criteria, and had a higher probability of passing the exam. It was concluded that this type of tutorial is beneficial to students who are preparing for such exams and may have wider educational use for those seeking assistance with their writing skills.
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Academic Achievement, Program Effectiveness, Discriminant Analysis, Writing Skills, Performance Based Assessment, Prerequisites, Test Coaching, Writing Instruction, Writing Evaluation, Writing Improvement, Intervention
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A