ERIC Number: EJ779555
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Reference Count: 0
On the Regulation of Cognitive Control: Action Orientation Moderates the Impact of High Demands in Stroop Interference Tasks
Jostmann, Nils B.; Koole, Sander L.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, v136 n4 p593-609 Nov 2007
Previous research has established that people vary in action orientation, a tendency toward decisiveness and initiative, versus state orientation, a tendency toward indecisiveness and hesitation (J. Kuhl & J. Beckmann, 1994b). In the present 3 studies, the authors examined whether action orientation versus state orientation regulates cognitive control under demanding conditions. Under high demands, action-oriented participants displayed better cognitive control than did state-oriented participants in a Stroop color naming task (Studies 1-3). No similar effects were found under low demands (Studies 2-3). Functional differences between action- and state-oriented participants emerged especially when the task included a high proportion of congruent Stroop trials (Study 3). These findings suggest that action-oriented individuals are better protected against goal neglect than are state-oriented individuals.
Descriptors: Decision Making, Experimental Psychology, Color, Cognitive Processes, Comparative Analysis, Individual Characteristics, Orientation, Visual Stimuli
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A