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ERIC Number: EJ779554
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Pages: 13
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0096-3445
Automatic Processing of Psychological Distance: Evidence from a Stroop Task
Bar-Anan, Yoav; Liberman, Nira; Trope, Yaacov; Algom, Daniel
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, v136 n4 p610-622 Nov 2007
A picture-word version of the Stroop task was used to test the automatic activation of psychological distance by words carrying various senses of psychological distance: temporal (tomorrow, in a year), social (friend, enemy), and hypotheticality (sure, maybe). The pictures implied depth, with the words appearing relatively close to or distant from the observer. The participants classified the spatial distance of words faster when the word's implicit psychological distance matched its spatial distance (e.g., a geographically close word was classified faster when it was "friend" than when it was "enemy"). The findings are consistent with the idea that psychological distance is accessed automatically, even when it is not directly related to people's current goals, and suggest that psychological distance is an important dimension of meaning, common to spatial distance, temporal distance, social distance, and hypotheticality.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A