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ERIC Number: EJ779332
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 12
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 34
ISSN: ISSN-0016-9013
Physical, Cognitive, and Psychosocial Variables from the Disablement Process Model Predict Patterns of Independence and the Transition into Disability for the Oldest-Old
Fauth, Elizabeth Braungart; Zarit, Steven H.; Malmberg, Bo; Johansson, Boo
Gerontologist, v47 n5 p613-624 2007
Purpose: This study used the Disablement Process Model to predict whether a sample of the oldest-old maintained their disability or disability-free status over a 2- and 4-year follow-up, or whether they transitioned into a state of disability during this time. Design and Methods: We followed a sample of 149 Swedish adults who were 86 years of age or older over a period of 4 years; we grouped them by ability in activities of daily living as being functional survivors (nondisabled over time), increasingly disabled (initially nondisabled but later disabled), chronically disabled (disabled at all waves), or deceased. We used variables from baseline to predict group membership into these four longitudinal outcome groups. Results: Results indicated that demographic factors, physical impairments, physical and cognitive limitations, and psychosocial variables at baseline predicted membership into the functional survivor group after 2 years and most continued to distinguish between functional survivors and other groups after 4 years. Implications: These findings indicate key variables that may be useful in predicting shorter term longitudinal changes in disability. By understanding the physical, cognitive, and psychological variables that predict whether a person develops a disability within the next 2 or 4 years, we may be better able to plan for care or implement appropriate interventions. (Contains 3 figures and 5 tables.) [This research was funded in part by the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research.]
Gerontological Society of America. 1030 15th Street NW Suite 250, Washington, DC 20005. Tel: 202-842-1275; Fax: 202-842-1150; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.; National Inst. on Aging (DHHS/NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden