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ERIC Number: EJ779185
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003
Pages: 4
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0190-2946
Damned if You Do, Damned if You Don't
Christopher, Renny
Academe, v89 n4 p37-40 Jul-Aug 2003
More working-class students are entering universities--mainly because the restructuring of the American economy has made a college degree an entry-level requirement for mid- and low-level jobs, the kind that call for manipulating information rather than steel or concrete. Despite these changing job demands, however, the class structure of the United States has remained largely static: many of the students entering the university will, even with their B.A.'s, remain part of the working class. Elite universities continue to turn out the future upper-middle class, while regional universities, whose students are commonly the first in their families to attend college, educate the degreed working class. Both types of institutions disserve working-class students: in elite colleges and universities, such students face class prejudice and discrimination; in regional institutions, they receive an inferior education, which ensures that they will remain in lower-level jobs. These two forms of oppression--classism in elite universities and undereducation in regional institutions--work together to preserve the existing class structure, even while allowing a few individuals, to work their way "upward" at the price of deculturation. In this article, the author describes the class structure, in hard numbers, of the two-tiered higher education system in California and briefly explores the problem of classism and education within the two tiers. (Contains 6 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California; United States