ERIC Number: EJ779041
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Features and Feedback: Enhancing Metamnemonic Knowledge at Retrieval Reduces Source-Monitoring Errors
Lane, Sean M.; Roussel, Cristine C.; Villa, Diane; Morita, Shelby K.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v33 n6 p1131-1142 Nov 2007
Three experiments explored the issue of whether enhanced metamnemonic knowledge at retrieval can improve participants' ability to make difficult source discriminations in the context of the eyewitness suggestibility paradigm. The 1st experiment documented differences in phenomenal experience between veridical and false memories. Experiment 2 revealed that drawing participants' attention to these differences by pairing the ratings of the features with instructions about their utility was successful in reducing source misattributions of suggested items to the event. The results of Experiment 3 showed that participants can make online adjustments in the types of evidence used to make source judgments, as participants who received correct feedback during the training portion of the test reduced misattribution errors on the remainder of the test where feedback was not provided. Altogether, these studies suggest that people can discover and benefit from updated knowledge of the types of memorial evidence that discriminate between sources of information in memory.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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