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ERIC Number: EJ778937
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Pages: 10
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
The Development of Memory for Own- And Other-Race Faces
Goodman, Gail S.; Sayfan, Liat; Lee, Jennifer S.; Sandhei, Marianne; Walle-Olsen, Anita; Magnussen, Svein; Pezdek, Kathy; Arredondo, Patricia
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v98 n4 p233-242 Dec 2007
This study demonstrates that experience and development interact to influence the ''cross-race effect.'' In a multination study (n=245), Caucasian children and adults of European ancestry living in the United States, Norway, or South Africa, as well as biracial (Caucasian-African American) children and adults living in the United States, were tested for recognition of Asian, African, and Caucasian faces. Regardless of national or biracial background, 8- to 10-year-olds, 12- to 14-year-olds, and adults recognized own-race faces more accurately than other-race faces, and did so to a similar extent, whereas 5- to 7-year-olds recognized all face types equally well. This same developmental pattern emerged for biracial children and adults. Thus, early meaningful exposure did not substantially alter the developmental trajectory. During young childhood, developmental influences on face processing operate on a system sufficiently plastic to preclude, under certain conditions, the cross-race effect.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Norway; South Africa; United States