ERIC Number: EJ778888
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003
Reference Count: 0
Structuring Cooperative Group Work in Classrooms
Gillies, Robyn M.
International Journal of Educational Research, v39 n1-2 p35-49 2003
Cooperative, small-group learning is widely recognised as a pedagogical practice that promotes learning and socialisation across a range of curriculum areas from primary school through to high school and college. When children work cooperatively together, they learn to give and receive help, share their ideas and listen to other students' perspectives, seek new ways of clarifying differences, resolving problems, and constructing new understandings and knowledge. The result is that students attain higher academic outcomes and are more motivated to achieve than they would be if they worked alone. This paper provides an overview of five different studies that the author has conducted that demonstrate clearly the importance of explicitly structuring cooperative small-group work in classrooms if children are to derive the benefits widely attributed to this pedagogical practice.
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Group Dynamics, Small Group Instruction, Teaching Methods, Socialization, Peer Influence, Peer Relationship, Student Motivation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A