ERIC Number: EJ778866
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Grade Repetition in Honduran Primary Schools
Marshall, Jeffery H.
International Journal of Educational Development, v23 n6 p591-605 Nov 2003
This paper looks at several dimensions of the grade failure issue in Honduras using a unique data set compiled by the UMCE evaluation project in 1998 and 1999. The analytical framework incorporates econometric analysis of standardized tests and teacher pass/fail decisions for roughly 13,000 second and fourth grade students. The results show that first time grade repetition, as well as repeating previous grades, is associated with lower marginal achievement on the UMCE exams, although the same is not true for students who are repeating the second or third time. The strongest predictor of grade failure is previous repetition, despite the inclusion of controls for achievement and attendance. The implications of this apparently strong stigma effect associated with grade repetition are discussed, as well as other policy issues related to grade repetition in developing countries.
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Standardized Tests, Foreign Countries, Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Academic Failure, Grade 2, Grade 3, Low Achievement, Predictor Variables, Social Bias, Educational Policy, Developing Nations
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Honduras