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ERIC Number: EJ778864
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Pages: 14
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 42
ISSN: ISSN-0141-0423
Phonological Skill, Lexical Decision and Letter Report Performance in Good and Poor Adult Spellers
Masterson, Jackie; Laxon, Veronica; Lovejoy, Sophie; Morris, Victoria
Journal of Research in Reading, v30 n4 p429-442 Nov 2007
Two groups of undergraduate students, matched for reading skill but differing in spelling ability, participated in three experiments with the aim of exploring the causes of differences in spelling skill in this population. In the first experiment participants were presented with a range of tasks to investigate the possibility that the poor spellers had poorer phonological abilities than the good spellers. No significant differences were observed. In Experiment 2, a lexical decision task was used. The words in the task differed in orthographic neighbourhood size ("N") and frequency. Analysis of the latencies revealed effects of frequency and "N," but the effect of spelling group was not significant and neither was the interaction with "N." Analysis of the errors revealed that the poor spellers made significantly more errors than the good spellers. In Experiment 3 participants were asked to identify the letters in briefly presented words and non-words. There was a significant effect of stimulus type in favour of words. Poor spellers made more errors in the task than the good spellers, although the difference was restricted to non-words. Finally, an analysis of the errors made in spelling to dictation by the two groups was carried out. This revealed that the poor spellers were more likely than the good spellers to make errors that were not phonologically plausible and that differed markedly from the target. Overall, the results are interpreted in terms of a partial orthographic representations explanation of poor spelling in good readers.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A