ERIC Number: EJ778863
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 29
Factors Influencing the Incidence of Utilization Deficiencies and Other Patterns of Recall/Strategy-Use Relations in a Strategic Memory Task
Schwenck, Christina; Bjorklund, David F.; Schneider, Wolfgang
Child Development, v78 n6 p1771-1787 Nov-Dec 2007
Factors that influence the incidence of utilization deficiencies and other recall/strategy-use patterns on a strategic memory task were evaluated in two hundred and fourteen 7- and 9-year-old children. Both utilization deficiencies and the incidence of children showing increases in both recall and strategy use over phases were more likely to be observed on phase transitions involving prompting or when different lists of items were included on consecutive trials; in contrast, increases in recall in the absence of increases in strategy use were more likely to be found between trials consisting of the same stimulus items. This research clearly indicates that patterns of recall/strategy-use relations, including utilization deficiencies, vary meaningfully with the age of the child and a variety of contextual factors.
Descriptors: Incidence, Influences, Children, Recall (Psychology), Prompting, Stimuli, Learning Strategies, Age Differences, Child Development, Context Effect, Cognitive Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Sponsor: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Bonn - Bad Godesberg (West Germany).
Authoring Institution: N/A