ERIC Number: EJ778840
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 64
Fetal Heart Rate and Variability: Stability and Prediction to Developmental Outcomes in Early Childhood
DiPietro, Janet A.; Bornstein, Marc H.; Hahn, Chun-Shin; Costigan, Kathleen; Achy-Brou, Aristide
Child Development, v78 n6 p1788-1798 Nov-Dec 2007
Stability in cardiac indicators before birth and their utility in predicting variation in postnatal development were examined. Fetal heart rate and variability were measured longitudinally from 20 through 38 weeks gestation (n = 137) and again at age 2 (n = 79). Significant within-individual stability during the prenatal period and into childhood was demonstrated. Fetal heart rate variability at or after 28 weeks gestation and steeper developmental trajectories were significantly associated with mental and psychomotor development at 2 years (n = 82) and language ability at 2.5 years (n = 61). These data suggest that the foundations of individual differences in autonomic control originate during gestation and the developmental momentum of the fetal period continues after birth.
Descriptors: Metabolism, Pregnancy, Children, Prenatal Influences, Language Aptitude, Child Development, Infants, Longitudinal Studies, Individual Differences
Blackwell Publishing. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8599; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/jnl_default.asp
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Washington, DC. Maternal and Child Health Bureau.; National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A