ERIC Number: EJ778837
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Reference Count: 26
Deriving Word Meanings from Context: Does Explanation Facilitate Contextual Analysis?
Journal of Research in Reading, v30 n4 p347-359 Nov 2007
The ability to derive the meanings of words from supportive story contexts was studied in 45 7- to 8-year-olds. Children read short stories each containing a different novel word and defined the word at the end of each story. There were three intervention sessions. One group was asked to justify their definition and subsequently received feedback on its accuracy. A second group was given feedback first and asked to explain how the experimenter knew the correct answer. A third (control) received feedback only. In general, practice led to improved performance, with an increased number of children in all groups using the story context to derive meanings for the novel words in a post-intervention test. Children in the two explanation groups made the greatest gains in definition accuracy. The implications for teaching vocabulary learning skills are discussed.
Descriptors: Intervention, Feedback (Response), Reading Research, Vocabulary Development, Story Reading, Children, Context Effect, Definitions, Control Groups, Reading Tests, Teaching Methods
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
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