ERIC Number: EJ778649
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Child Sexual and Physical Abuse among College Students in Singapore and the United States
Back, Sudie E.; Jackson, Joan L.; Fitzgerald, Monica; Shaffer, Anne; Salstrom, Seoka; Osman, Mohamad Maliki
Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, v27 n11 p1259-1275 Nov 2003
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore differences in rates and characteristics of child sexual and physical abuse experiences among women in Singapore and the US. Method: Participants (N=153) completed an anonymous questionnaire which assessed experiences of childhood sexual and physical abuse, abuse characteristics (e.g., victimization age, severity), and behavioral and subjective reactions to such experiences (e.g., labeling of experiences as abuse, psychological symptomatology). Exposure to other forms of traumatic life events was also assessed. Results: In comparison to Singaporean women, US women were more likely to report a history of child sexual abuse, and to report experiencing more severe forms of sexual abuse. Women in Singapore were more likely than women in the US to report a history of child physical abuse, to report experiencing injury as a result of the abuse, and to disclose the abuse. Singaporean women with a history of child sexual abuse reported elevated psychological symptom levels relative to their nonabused peers and to US women with a history of child sexual abuse, even after controlling for exposure to other types of traumatic events. No significant differences in symptomatology with regard to child physical abuse were observed. Conclusions: Although preliminary in nature, the present findings are among the first to demonstrate differences in psychological adjustment between sexually abused and nonabused Asian women living in Asia. This study also provides some of the first support for cross-national differences in the psychological adjustment of child sexual abuse survivors.
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Child Abuse, Females, Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Womens Studies, Psychological Characteristics, Behavioral Science Research, Emotional Experience, College Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Sponsor: Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Psychology.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Singapore; United States