ERIC Number: EJ778350
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Anorexia Nervosa and Autism Spectrum Disorders: Guided Investigation of Social Cognitive Endophenotypes
Zucker, Nancy L.; Losh, Molly; Bulik, Cynthia M.; LaBar, Kevin S.; Piven, Joseph; Pelphrey, Kevin A.
Psychological Bulletin, v133 n6 p976-1006 Nov 2007
Death by suicide occurs in a disproportionate percentage of individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN), with a standardized mortality ratio indicating a 57-fold greater risk of death from suicide relative to an age-matched cohort. Longitudinal studies indicate impaired social functioning increases risk for fatal outcomes, while social impairment persists following recovery. Study of social cognition in AN may elucidate impaired processes that may influence therapeutic efficacy. Symptoms of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are overrepresented in those who evidence a chronic course. Relative to that in AN, social information processing in ASD is well characterized and may inform systematic study in AN. This article (a) reviews impaired interpersonal processes in AN, (b) compares the phenotype of AN with that of ASD, (c) highlights deficits of social cognitive disturbance in ASD relative to AN, and (d) proposes a new framework to understand the interaction of individuals with AN with their social context.
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Social Behavior, At Risk Persons, Counseling Effectiveness, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Interpersonal Competence, Eating Disorders, Suicide, Social Cognition, Social Environment, Longitudinal Studies, Information Processing, Death
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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