ERIC Number: EJ778123
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Aug
Reference Count: 4
The Teaching of the Natural Science Disciplines in the Schools
Lisichkin, G. V.
Russian Education and Society, v49 n8 p23-32 Aug 2007
There are no fewer than three dozen scientific groups dealing with problems of the development of methods of teaching physics, chemistry, and biology in this country; they are working in pedagogical and classical universities and in institutes of the Russian Academy of Education. Innovative schoolteachers are involved in this endeavor as they attempt to improve the teaching and learning process in their practice. Without question it is reasonable to dispute the relevance and effectiveness of a number of the methodology projects that have been carried out. One problem that is "terra incognita" for methodology science is the residual carryover knowledge that is retained by the main contingent of graduates of secondary school who do not go on to study the natural sciences any further and do not acquire an education in the natural sciences, engineering, or medicine after they get out of school. It is clear that the task of school education is specifically to shape people's residual knowledge. It would be of interest to carry out an examination and analysis of the amount of residual knowledge retained by ordinary school graduates in all basic school subjects rather than just the natural science disciplines. This is an important issue as secondary school programs and the content of school textbooks should be oriented specifically toward reinforcing and perfecting residual knowledge. A related problem is that of developing a scientifically valid method of selecting the content of the basic minimum of knowledge. In this article, the author discusses the teaching of the natural science disciplines in the schools. The time has come to analyze the achievements and the failures of the science of methodology in this country in the natural science disciplines and to discuss a strategy for developing it.
Descriptors: Textbooks, Graduates, Secondary Education, Natural Sciences, Methods, Teaching Methods, Science Curriculum, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia