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ERIC Number: EJ777984
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Pages: 25
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 70
ISSN: ISSN-0010-4086
The One-Child Policy and School Attendance in China
Yang, Juhua
Comparative Education Review, v51 n4 p471-495 Nov 2007
In addition to its goal of limiting China's population growth, a key purpose of China's one-child policy is to improve children's well-being. The government has made a strenuous effort to limit parents' childbearing in exchange for the greater opportunities it provides for their only children, including educational opportunities. In this article, the author focuses on one dimension of child well-being: school attendance. Using data from multiple waves of the China Health and Nutrition Survey, she addresses two interrelated issues by exploring a broad range of factors at the community, household, and individual levels that are associated with child schooling: Is the one-child policy rule related to child school attendance in the context of socioeconomic transformation at the community and household levels, as well as in the rapid expansion of formal education? Do children with no siblings, one sibling, or two or more siblings differ in their schooling? With few exceptions, due to lack of relevant information, past studies on the relationship between the one-child policy and child education tend to use sibship size to approximate the policy without considering its local variations. However, an examination of adolescent education in the context of the one-child policy regime requires that the substantial local variations in policy strength that exist across the nation be taken into account. For this article, the author draws on both a direct measure of policy variations and an indirect measure to evaluate the consequences of the one-child policy beyond fertility and to make inferences about policy effects on children's education. By including direct and indirect measures, her study complements other sociological analyses of children's lives in contemporary China. Her discussion is organized as follows: First, policy characteristics and their potential linkages to child education are described. Second, data and variable specifications are presented. Third, descriptive and analytical results are provided. Finally, the article concludes with a summary and a discussion of its major findings and policy implications. (Contains 4 tables, 2 figures and 15 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China