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ERIC Number: EJ777964
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Pages: 14
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 23
ISSN: ISSN-0146-3934
Psychological and Emotional Reactions of College Students to September 11, 2001
Lindsey, Billie J.; Fugere, Madeleine; Chan, Victor
College Student Journal, v41 n3 p558-571 Sep 2007
This study, using the "Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale" (CES-D), investigated the moods, perceptions, and behavioral changes among college students during the week following September 11 and again 11 weeks later. Originally, we had planned to survey college students using the CES-D on September 12th and 13th as part of a pilot study of college students and depression; however, due to the terrorist attacks of September 11, we postponed the survey and administered the scale on September 19th and 20th. This provided a unique opportunity to describe students' reactions to the terrorist attacks of September 11. The study, conducted at a small liberal arts college in central Virginia, included students enrolled in four sections of a general education course. Students were administered the CES-D one week (n = 89) and again 11 weeks (n = 75) after 9/11. We report the results of the 75 students who responded to both surveys. A significant difference was found between week one and week eleven on the overall CES-D score. Multiple comparisons using the Bonferroni method found significant differences in 6 of the 20 items of the scale. The findings indicate that 9/11 took a heavy toll on immediate psychological and emotional health. Most students' depressive symptoms subsided after 11 weeks. Colleges and universities, in planning for possible future attacks, should be prepared to identify and assist students experiencing trauma-related stress, anxiety, or depressive symptoms, as well as be alert to the possibility of lingering anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder in some students. (Contains 4 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Virginia