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ERIC Number: EJ777950
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Pages: 9
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 23
ISSN: ISSN-0146-3934
Predictors of Academic Performance of University Students: An Application of the Goal Efficacy Model
Klomegah, Roger Yao
College Student Journal, v41 n2 p407-415 Jun 2007
This study utilized the goal-efficacy model to examine a) the extent to which index scores of student self-efficacy, self-set goals, assigned goals, and ability (four variables in the model) could predict academic performance of university students; and b) the best predictor of academic performance. The sample comprised 103 undergraduate students in a university in North Carolina who completed self-administered questionnaires voluntarily during the spring semester of 2005. The instrument was revised versions of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) and Self-Efficacy for Self-Regulated Learning (SESRL) questionnaire. For analysis, zero-order correlation analysis was performed to estimate the association between the independent variables (ability, self-efficacy, self-set goals, and assigned goals) and the dependent variable (course grade). Three other variables--high school GPA, hours worked weekly and environmental restructuring--were included in the analysis for elaboration. A multiple regression analysis was also performed to determine the predictive power of the independent variables on the dependent variable. In both bivariate and multivariate analyses, high school GPA and student self-efficacy were strongly correlated with academic performance. Of the four variables in the goal-efficacy model, self-efficacy had the strongest predictive power. High school GPA is a better predictor of student academic performance than the goal-efficacy model. (Contains 2 tables and 2 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina