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ERIC Number: EJ777557
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Aug
Pages: 21
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0305-0009
Early Delayed Language Development in Very Preterm Infants: Evidence from the MacArthur-Bates CDI
Foster-Cohen, Susan; Edgin, Jamie O.; Champion, Patricia R.; Woodward, Lianne J.
Journal of Child Language, v34 n3 p655-675 Aug 2007
This study examined the effects of being born very preterm on children's early language development using prospective longitudinal data from a representative regional cohort of 90 children born very preterm (gestational age less than 33 weeks and/or birth weight less than 1,500 grams) and a comparison sample of 102 children born full term (gestational age 38-41 weeks). The MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory: Words and Sentences (CDI-WS) was used to assess children's language development at age 2;0 (corrected for gestational age at birth). Clear linear relationships were found between gestational age at birth and later language outcomes, with decreasing gestational age being associated with poorer parent-reported language skills. Specifically, children born extremely preterm (less than 28 weeks' gestation) tended to perform less well than those born very preterm (28-32 weeks' gestation), who in turn performed worse than children born full term (38-41 weeks' gestation). This pattern of findings was evident across a range of outcomes spanning vocabulary size and quality of word use, as well as morphological and syntactic complexity. Importantly, associations between gestational age at birth and language outcomes persisted after statistical control for child and family factors correlated with both preterm birth and language development. These findings demonstrate the presence of pervasive delays in the early language development of children born very preterm. They also highlight the importance of gestational age in predicting later language risk in this population of infants. [This research was supported by the Neurological Foundation of New Zealand, the New Zealand Lottery Grants Board and the Canterbury Medical Research Foundation.]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory