ERIC Number: EJ777546
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Acquisition of Gender Marking by Young German-Speaking Children: Evidence for Learning Guided by Phonological Regularities
Szagun, Gisela; Stumper, Barbara; Sondag, Nina; Franik, Melanie
Journal of Child Language, v34 n3 p445-471 Aug 2007
The acquisition of noun gender on articles was studied in a sample of 21 young German-speaking children. Longitudinal spontaneous speech data were used. Data analysis is based on 22 two-hourly speech samples per child from 6 children between 1 ; 4 and 3 ; 8 and on 5 two-hourly speech samples per child from 15 children between 1 ; 4 and 2 ; 10. The use of gender marked articles occurred from 1 ; 5. Error frequencies dropped below 10% by 3 ; 0. Definite and indefinite articles were used with similar frequencies and error rates did not differ in the two paradigms. Children's errors were systematic. For monosyllabic nouns and for polysyllabic nouns ending in "-el," "-en" and "-er" errors were more frequent for nouns which did not conform to the rule that such nouns tend to be masculine. Furthermore, children erred in the direction of the rule overgeneralizing "der." Correct gender marking was also associated with adult frequency of noun use. The present data is evidence for the early use of phonological regularities of noun structure in the acquisition of gender marking.
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Phonology, Nouns, Data Analysis, German, Language Acquisition, Form Classes (Languages), Child Language, Longitudinal Studies, Error Patterns, Error Analysis (Language), Toddlers, Infants, Young Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Bonn - Bad Godesberg (West Germany).
Authoring Institution: N/A