ERIC Number: EJ777544
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Characteristics of Maternal Verbal Style: Responsiveness and Directiveness in Two Natural Contexts
Flynn, Valerie; Masur, Elise Frank
Journal of Child Language, v34 n3 p519-543 Aug 2007
Twenty mothers' provision of responsive, supportive behavioural directive, and intrusive behavioural and attentional directive speech was investigated during interactions with their children at ages 0 ; 10, 1 ; 1, 1 ; 5 and 1 ; 9 in two natural contexts, free play and bathtime. Issues examined included developmental change, contextual differences, consistency across contexts and stability over time. Analyses revealed increases in frequencies of maternal responsive and supportive directive utterances and decreases in maternal intrusive directives with age. Differences between contexts included more speech and supportive directiveness during play than bath. Responsiveness and intrusive attentional directiveness demonstrated considerable consistency and stability. Mothers provided greater responsiveness to girls than to boys, but more intrusive directives to boys than to girls. Mothers' production of supportive and intrusive directives was unrelated, and their rates of responsive speech were inversely associated with their rates of intrusive directive speech, highlighting the importance of distinguishing between supportive and intrusive directiveness.
Descriptors: Play, Mothers, Males, Oral Language, Speech, Attention, Parent Child Relationship, Age Differences, Responses, Child Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A