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ERIC Number: EJ777529
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Feb
Pages: 30
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0305-0009
Reduction in Syllable Onsets in the Acquisition of Polish: Deletion, Coalescence, Metathesis and Gemination
Lukaszewicz, Beata
Journal of Child Language, v34 n1 p53-82 Feb 2007
This paper focuses on four strategies of onset reduction employed by a single child (4;0-4;4) acquiring Polish: deletion, coalescence, metathesis, and gemination. Deletion and coalescence occur in word-initial onsets while metathesis and gemination are restricted to word-medial position. The data, which constitute an intriguing "conspiracy" case (Kisseberth, 1970), are analysed within OPTIMALITY THEORY (henceforth, OT; Prince & Smolensky, 1993/2004; McCarthy & Prince, 1995) in which all surface-true "processes" are motivated through the interaction of ranked and violable constraints. The OT account makes it possible to envisage the four strategies as different surface responses to the undominated *COMPLEX[subscript ONSET] which militates against onset clusters. The choice of a particular strategy as well as its restriction to a particular word position is not random but follows from the interplay between *COMPLEX[subscript ONSET], sonority-based syllable structure constraints (Margin Hierarchy, "Contact Law"), context-sensitive markedness constraints (CODA CONDITION, *Nasal-Fricative) and faithfulness constraints. The present study confirms previous sonority-based findings, supplies further evidence for universal sonority mechanisms from word-medial clusters, and points to the coexistence of child-specific and abstract adult-based phonological strategies in the child's system.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A