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ERIC Number: EJ777510
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Feb
Pages: 29
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0305-0009
The Use of Nouns and Verbs by Japanese Children and Their Caregivers in Book-Reading and Toy-Playing Contexts
Ogura, Tamiko; Dale, Philip S.; Yamashita, Yukie; Murase, Toshiki; Mahieu, Aki
Journal of Child Language, v33 n1 p1-29 Feb 2006
Japanese provides a valuable contrast for crosslinguistic studies of noun and verb dominance in early child language, and the effect of input on the early lexicon. In this study, 31 Japanese children between 1;0 and 2;0 and their caregivers were recorded in two contexts: joint bookreading and play with toys. Context had the largest effect, as nouns were much more frequent in the book context. Noun dominance was constant across development in the book context, but in the toy context there was a shift away as children developed from single words through the presyntactic stage to the syntactic stage. Caregiver language was verb dominant in a number of respects across development in the toy context, and thus was not closely related to child lexical balance. We conclude that in early lexical development, all children have a conceptual disposition to learn nouns. With vocabulary growth and the emergence of grammar, the proportion of verbs increases substantially, and at this stage properties of the input language may influence development. (Contains 1 footnote.) [This research was also supported by the Center of Developmental Education and Research and Sato Foundation.]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Ministry of Education, Science, Sports, and Culture, Tokyo (Japan).
Authoring Institution: N/A