ERIC Number: EJ777476
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Incidental Learning of S-R Contingencies in the Masked Prime Task
Schlaghecken, Friederike; Blagrove, Elisabeth; Maylor, Elizabeth A.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v33 n5 p1177-1188 Oct 2007
Subliminal motor priming effects in the masked prime paradigm can only be obtained when primes are part of the task set. In 2 experiments, the authors investigated whether the relevant task set feature needs to be explicitly instructed or could be extracted automatically in an incidental learning paradigm. Primes and targets were symmetrical arrows, with target color, not shape, the response-relevant feature. Shape and color covaried for targets (e.g., [left-pointing arrow] [right-pointing arrow] always blue, [right-pointing arrow] [left-pointing arrow] always green), whereas primes were always black. Over time, a negative compatibility effect (NCE; response benefits when prime and target had different shapes) developed, indicating that primes affected the motor system. When target shape and color varied independently (control condition), no NCE occurred, in line with the assumption that the NCE reflects task set-dependent motor processes, not perceptual interactions.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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