ERIC Number: EJ777426
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Choosing between Two Objects Reduces 3-Year-Olds' Errors on a Reverse-Contingency Test of Executive Function
Carroll, Daniel J.; Apperly, Ian A.; Riggs, Kevin J.
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v98 n3 p184-192 Nov 2007
In the present experiment, we used a reversed-contingency paradigm (the windows task: [Russell, J., Mauthner, N., Sharpe, S., & Tidswell, T. (1991). The windows task as a measure of strategic deception in preschoolers and autistic subjects. "British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9," 331-349]) to explore the effect of alterations in the task array on 3-year-old children's strategic reasoning. Children were offered a choice between either a desirable object and an undesirable object, or between a desirable object and an empty location. There was significantly better performance on the two-object version of the task. This difference was evident even on subsequent trials when the second object was removed and the empty location reintroduced. This suggests that presenting children with a choice between two objects helps them to formulate a strategy, rather than to execute a previously determined response.
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Inhibition, Metacognition, Thinking Skills, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Objectives, Object Manipulation, Task Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A