ERIC Number: EJ777258
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Jun
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of the Context of Learning on the Use of Communication Strategies by Learners of Spanish as a Second Language
Lafford, Barbara A.
Studies in Second Language Acquisition, v26 n2 p201-225 Jun 2004
This study investigates the effect of the context of learning--"at home" (AH) classroom versus study abroad (SA)--on the number and types of communication strategies (CSs) used by learners of Spanish as a second language. Oral data from 46 learners--20 AH and 26 SA--were analyzed before and after the treatment period, to discern the effect of various factors on the learners' levels and choice of CS usage: type of CS category (L1 or L2 based, direct or interactional, and problem-orientedness [resource deficit, other performance, and self-performance]) and measures of language use. Posttest results showed a significant effect for context for CS categories and language use: Students in the SA context consistently used fewer CSs than their classroom counterparts, and their CS use correlated negatively with higher use of Spanish outside the classroom and with the host family. It is posited that the pragmatic exigencies of the AH and SA contexts may account for these findings. (Contains 1 footnote.)
Descriptors: Communication Strategies, Second Language Learning, Spanish, Study Abroad, Oral Language, Language Usage, Language Tests, Context Effect, Classroom Environment, Comparative Analysis, Correlation, Language Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Council on International Educational Exchange, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: N/A