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ERIC Number: EJ777155
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Nov
Pages: 21
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0305-0009
The Measurement of Whole-Word Productions
Ingram, David
Journal of Child Language, v29 n4 p713-733 Nov 2002
Attempts to measure phonological acquisition have largely focused on segments, with less effort made to examine whole-word productions. This article proposes four measures designed to estimate a child's whole-word abilities: 1. the "phonological mean length of utterance", a measure of whole-word complexity for both child and target words, 2. the "proportion of whole-word proximity", a measure of the proximity between the child's word and its target form, 3. the "proportion of whole-word correctness", a measure of the number of words produced correctly relative to the sample size, and 4. the "proportion of whole-word variability", a measure of how often a child produces words in distinct phonological shapes. The central measure is the Phonological Mean Length of Utterance, which can be used to identify a child's stage of acquisition, to assess proximity to target words, and to evaluate the complexity of words. The value of the new measures will be demonstrated through preliminary applications to a range of contexts; i.e. monolingual children acquiring English (five children, 0;11 to 1;5), Cantonese (one child, 1;7), and Spanish (5 children, 2;2 to 2;11), bilingual children acquiring Hungarian-English (one child, 2;0) and Spanish-English (3 children, 2;4 to 2;11), children with phonological impairment (eighteen children, 2;11 to 5;3), and children with cochlear implants (six children, 4;5 to 7;11). (Contains 1 footnote.) [ Preliminary reports of this line of investigation were presented at the Child Phonology Conference, University of Northern Iowa, June 2000, and the annual meeting of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Washington, D.C., November, 2000.]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A