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ERIC Number: EJ777040
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 23
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 46
ISSN: ISSN-1559-5455
Is "In Consortio Cum Parentibus" the New "In Loco Parentis?"
Henning, Gavin
NASPA Journal, v44 n3 p538-560 2007
"In loco parentis" had been the philosophical foundation of higher education policy and practice since 1913 when it was established as a legal doctrine in Gott v. Berea. The doctrine defined the relationship between colleges, students, and parents. That relationship has changed with the death of "in loco parentis" in Dixon v. Alabama Board of Education (1961), the cultural shifts of the past forty years, as well is an increase in litigation in higher education. New models including the constitutional model, contract model, fiduciary model, and the bystander model were put forth as replacements for "in loco parentis" to provide not only a philosophical foundation for higher education's policy and practice, but also to redefine the relationship between colleges, students, and parents. Recently, some scholars have argued that the increase of liability cases against colleges for student injuries indicates that we are experiencing a return to "in loco parentis." By tracing the origins of "in loco parentis" through its beginnings and end as well as examining the many replacement models posited, this article suggests that there is not a regeneration of "in loco parentis," but rather an evolution of a new model that could be called "in consortio cum parentibus"--in partnership with parents. This model can be used as a foundation for policy and practice in higher education and help define the relationship between colleges, students, and parents. Assumptions, tenets, and applications of this model are discussed. (Contains 3 figures.)
NASPA - Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education. 1875 Connecticut Avenue NW Suite 418, Washington, DC 20009. Tel: 202-265-7500; Fax: 202-797-1157; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A