ERIC Number: EJ776943
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Reference Count: 0
The Relative Importance of Predictors of Math and Science Achievement: An Opportunity-Propensity Analysis
Byrnes, James P.; Miller, David C.
Contemporary Educational Psychology, v32 n4 p599-629 Oct 2007
In the present study, the authors propose a new framework that integrates literature on achievement, supports the testing of novel hypotheses, and stresses the importance of examining a large number of factors in the same study. This framework assumes that high achievement is a function of three categories of factors: (a) opportunity factors (e.g., coursework), (b) propensity factors (e.g., prerequisite skills, motivation), and (c) distal factors (e.g., SES). A secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Educational Study (NELS:88) using hierarchical regression and structural equation modeling revealed that 58-81% of the variance in achievement was explained by family variables and specific opportunity and propensity factors. The findings are discussed in terms of their potential implications for intervention efforts.
Descriptors: High Achievement, Structural Equation Models, Science Achievement, Predictor Variables, Mathematics Achievement, Hypothesis Testing, Research Methodology, Educational Opportunities, Socioeconomic Influences, Longitudinal Studies, Regression (Statistics), Family Influence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A