ERIC Number: EJ776921
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Moving beyond Academic Achievement Goal Measures: A Study of Social Achievement Goals
Horst, S. Jeanne; Finney, Sara J.; Barron, Kenneth E.
Contemporary Educational Psychology, v32 n4 p667-698 Oct 2007
The current research explored the theory of social goal orientation. More specifically, we conducted three studies utilizing six-independent university student samples to evaluate the construct validity of the Social Achievement Goal Orientation Scale (SAGOS; Ryan & Hopkins, 2003), a measure representing the construct of social goal orientation. The purpose of Study 1 was to: (1) compare the three-dimensional (mastery, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance) model of social goal orientation to three theoretically based competing models, (2) examine item functioning, and (3) assess generalizability of the factor structure. The fit of the proposed three-factor model was promising; however, areas of misfit and problematic items were identified. Stronger support for the three-factor structure of goal orientation was found using scores from an abbreviated 13-item SAGOS. In Study 2, item wording was altered slightly to evaluate a revised Social Achievement Goal Scale (SAGS), yet resulted in similar findings. Study 3 examined external validity evidence for the SAGS, garnering some support for the meaning of the scores. Although continued refinement of the SAGOS and SAGS is recommended, the findings help contribute to our general understanding and conceptualization of social goal theory and the role that social goals may play in academic contexts.
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Validity, Factor Structure, Construct Validity, Goal Orientation, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Item Analysis, Social Adjustment, Academic Achievement, Scores, Role
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A