ERIC Number: EJ776894
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Mediators of Telephone-Based Continuing Care for Alcohol and Cocaine Dependence
Mensinger, Janell Lynn; Lynch, Kevin G.; Tenhave, Thomas R.; McKay, James R.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, v75 n5 p775-784 Oct 2007
A previous randomized trial with 224 alcohol and/or cocaine addicts who had completed an initial phase of treatment indicated that 12 weeks of telephone-based continuing care yielded higher abstinence rates over 24 months than did group counseling continuing care. The current study examined mediators of this treatment effect. Results suggested that self-help involvement during treatment and self-efficacy and commitment to abstinence 3 months after treatment mediated subsequent abstinence outcomes. These analyses controlled for substance use prior to the assessment of mediators. Conversely, there was no evidence that self-help beliefs or social support mediated the treatment effect. These results are consistent with a model in which treatment effects are first accounted for by changes in behavior, followed by changes in self-efficacy and in commitment to abstinence.
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Cocaine, Telecommunications, Counseling Techniques, Drug Addiction, Alcohol Abuse, Drug Rehabilitation, Outcomes of Treatment, Behavior Change
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A