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ERIC Number: EJ776482
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Pages: 8
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 29
ISSN: ISSN-0034-527X
Plantation English in America: Nonstandard Varieties and the Quest for Educational Equity
Baugh, John
Research in the Teaching of English, v41 n4 p465-472 May 2007
In this article, the author shares his experience growing up speaking African American Vernacular English in school and his observations about nonstandard American plantation English. The author's amateur linguistic observations about nonstandard American plantation English gave rise to immediate dialect comparisons between African American Vernacular English (AAVE) and Hawaiian Pidgin English (HPE). Although the Oakland Ebonics controversy attempted to draw strong linguistic parallels between vernacular African American language usage and the acquisition of English as a second language, the author thinks that there are closer linguistic (and educational) parallels between HPE and AAVE situations. However, the plantation vernaculars that emerged in Hawaii and the Southern U.S. have been greatly misunderstood by linguists and educators, to say little of the politicians and pundits who routinely criticize the nonstandard speech of Hawaiians and African Americans who lack fluency in Standard English. Regardless of racial background, speakers of nonstandard English frequently encounter misconceptions about their intellectual ability as well as other stereotypes that devalue the ways in which they use language. Here, the author hopes that these observations may help to clarify the historical relevance of plantation English on the education of many students residing in diverse American communities, including rural Appalachia, America's inner cities, and the islands of Hawaii.
National Council of Teachers of English. 1111 West Kenyon Road, Urbana, IL 61801-1096. Tel: 877-369-6283; Tel: 217-328-3870; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hawaii