ERIC Number: EJ776434
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Influence of Recent Scene Events on Spoken Comprehension: Evidence from Eye Movements
Knoeferle, Pia; Crocker, Matthew W.
Journal of Memory and Language, v57 n4 p519-543 Nov 2007
Evidence from recent experiments that monitored attention in clipart scenes during spoken comprehension suggests that people preferably rely on non-stereotypical depicted events over stereotypical thematic knowledge for incremental interpretation. "The Coordinated Interplay Account [Knoeferle, P., & Crocker, M. W. (2006). "The coordinated interplay of scene, utterance, and world knowledge: evidence from eye tracking." "Cognitive Science," 30, 481-529.] accounts for this preference through referential processing (e.g., the verb mediates a depicted event) and the preferred use of scene event information that is associated with the referent (e.g., the agent of the depicted event). Three eye-tracking experiments examined the generality of this account. While the rapid use of depicted events was replicated in all three studies, the "preference" to rely on them was modulated by the decay of events that were no longer co-present. Our findings motivate the extension of the Coordinated Interplay Account with an explicit working memory. The coordinated interplay mechanism together with working memory and decay, is shown to account for the influence of scene-derived versus stored knowledge both when events are co-present and when they have recently been perceived.
Descriptors: Language Processing, Human Body, Eye Movements, Cognitive Psychology, Memory, Attention, Listening Comprehension, Task Analysis, Computer Graphics, Visual Stimuli
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A