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ERIC Number: EJ776393
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Pages: 3
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 11
ISSN: ISSN-0034-0561
A Framework for Robust Literacy Instruction for English Learners
Manyak, Patrick C.
Reading Teacher, v61 n2 p197-199 October 2007
This column from the English Learners department outlines a framework for robust literacy instruction for English learners--instruction that addresses the cognitive challenges of acquiring literacy, accounts for English learners' special language needs and abilities, and includes their unique cultural experiences. The framework consists of four complementary elements: explicit code and comprehension instruction, language-rich instruction, socioculturally informed instruction, and additive literacy instruction. Drawing on key research findings and successful classroom interventions, the author provides a brief rationale for each of these elements.
International Reading Association. 800 Barksdale Road, P.O. Box 8139, Newark, DE 19714-8139. Tel: 800-336-7323; Fax: 302-731-1057; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A