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ERIC Number: EJ776341
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 13
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 99
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1598-1037
Professionalism and the Reform of Teachers and Teacher Education in the Republic of Korea & the United States of America
Yeom, Minho; Ginsburg, Mark
Asia Pacific Education Review, v8 n2 p298-310 2007
This paper compares how educational reform documents in Korea and the U.S.A. conceptualize teachers and teacher education and examines how, if at all, the discourses of one country appear to influence those of the other. Special attention is paid to the ways in which reform documents incorporate different conceptions of professionalism in framing and in proposing remedies for the problems with teachers and teacher education. Eighteen reform documents issued in the two countries by national governmental and non-governmental organizations since the 1980s were selected and analyzed. It was found that while both Korean and American documents seem to draw on elements of the functionalist (or trait theory) conception of professionalism, Korean documents put more emphasis on issues related to the power/autonomy of teachers. Regarding cross-country influence, Korea seems to have appropriated ideas and moved toward the structures and practices evidenced in the U.S.A. during an earlier period. (Contains 1 table and 10 notes.)
Education Research Institute, Seoul National University. Department of Education, 599 Kwanak-Ro, Kwanak-Gu, Seoul 151-748, South Korea. Tel: +82-2-880-5896; Fax: +82-2-889-6508; e-mail: aper2@hanmail.net; Web site: http://eri.snu.ac.kr/aper
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Korea; United States