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ERIC Number: EJ776276
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 34
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 101
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0973
Promoting Argument-Counterargument Integration in Students' Writing
Nussbaum, E. Michael; Schraw, Gregory
Journal of Experimental Education, v76 n1 p59-92 Fall 2007
It is important, when writing opinion essays, for students to consider and integrate both arguments and counterarguments to develop a final conclusion. In this article, the authors explored the effect of criteria instruction and a graphic organizer to promote integration of arguments and counterarguments. The researchers randomly assigned 84 participants from an undergraduate educational psychology course to 1 of 4 conditions: training only, organizer only, combined, and control. The graphic organizer resulted in more refutations of counterarguments. However, criteria instruction resulted in better integration of argument and counterargument (with stronger rebuttals and more balanced reasoning). The authors discussed how the 2 interventions may have activated somewhat different argumentation schema in students. Appended are: (1) Handout: Criteria for a Good Argument; (2) Argument Criteria Training Protocol; and (3) Holistic Scoring Rubric. (Contains 1 figure and 5 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A