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ERIC Number: EJ776264
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Pages: 6
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 32
ISSN: ISSN-0161-1461
Comparison of Language Skills of Adjudicated and Nonadjudicated Adolescent Males and Females
Blanton, Debra J.; Dagenais, Paul A.
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, v38 n4 p309-314 Oct 2007
Purpose: This study attempted to determine whether there were any differences or similarities in the basic cognitive and language skills of 4 groups of adolescents: adjudicated (a judge's decision to establish responsibility for a delinquent act) and nonadjudicated male and females. Method: The 4 groups of adolescents were 18 adjudicated females, 18 nonadjudicated females, 14 adjudicated males, and 14 nonadjudicated males. They were evaluated using the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (K-BIT; A. S. Kaufman & N. L. Kaufman, 1990) as a screener for intelligence and the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3 (CELF-3; E. Semel, E. Wiig, & W. Secord, 1995) as a screener for language skills. Results: No gender differences were found between the groups for either the K-BIT or the CELF-3. All groups scored within normal limits on the K-BIT subtests, but lower on the vocabulary portion of the K-BIT compared to the matrices (nonverbal) portion. There were differences found between adjudicated and nonadjudicated groups on the CELF-3, with the adjudicated groups having lower scores. Implications: As the majority of adjudicated adolescents had not been previously identified as having difficulties with language abilities, this population could benefit from early assessment. Also, children who are at risk for incarceration should be screened for possible language deficits that could contribute to the many difficulties experienced by adolescents. (Contains 3 tables.)
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test