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ERIC Number: EJ776199
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Pages: 20
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 56
ISSN: ISSN-0144-3410
Collaborative Problem Solving in Five-Year-Old Children: Evidence of Social Facilitation and Social Loafing
Arterberry, Martha E.; Cain, Kathleen M.; Chopko, Stephanie A.
Educational Psychology, v27 n5 p577-596 Oct 2007
Children's problem solving while working by themselves or with a partner was investigated to explore whether young children are susceptible to social facilitation and social loafing. Five-year-olds were asked to complete easy or hard puzzles, either alone or with a partner. Half of the children were given instructions indicating that their performance would be evaluated and the other half were not. Children showed social facilitation, in that they performed better with a partner than when working alone under evaluation conditions, with the easy puzzle. Children also showed social loafing, in that performance with a partner was poorer when working under no evaluation than evaluation conditions, with the easy puzzle. Performance with the hard puzzle did not differ whether children worked alone or with a partner, but children working on the hard puzzle under no evaluation conditions performed better than those working under evaluation conditions. The findings suggest that evaluation affects children's performance in group settings in different ways depending on task difficulty. (Contains 3 figures, 3 tables and 1 note.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A