ERIC Number: EJ776140
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
An Examination of the Convergent and Discriminant Validity of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire
Hill, Crystal R.; Hughes, Jan N.
School Psychology Quarterly, v22 n3 p380-406 Sep 2007
This study examined the factor structure of the parent and teacher versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; R. Goodman, 1997) with a sample of first-grade children at risk for educational failure. The 5-factor model previously found in studies using exploratory factor analysis was fit to the data for both parent and teacher questionnaires. Fit indices for both versions were marginally adequate. Model fit was comparable across gender and ethnic groups. Factor fit for the parent questionnaire was invariant across parent educational level. The examination of convergent and discriminant validity included peer evaluations of each SDQ construct. Thus, each of the five constructs was evaluated by three sources (parent, teacher, and child). On the basis of D. T. Campbell and D. W. Fiske's (1959) multitrait-multimethod approach as well as a confirmatory factor analysis using the correlated uniqueness model, the SDQ has good convergent validity but relatively poor discriminant validity.
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Parents, Ethnic Groups, Test Validity, Multitrait Multimethod Techniques, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure, Grade 1, High Risk Students, Academic Failure, Teachers, Goodness of Fit, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Educational Attainment, Peer Evaluation, Discriminant Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 1
Authoring Institution: N/A