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ERIC Number: EJ776085
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 13
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 26
ISSN: ISSN-0002-726X
Toward a Description of Deaf College Students' Written English: Overuse, Avoidance, and Mastery of Function Words
Channon, Rachel; Sayers, Edna Edith
American Annals of the Deaf, v152 n2 p91-103 2007
The use of function words in 135 essays written by deaf college underclassmen in developmental and credit-bearing English composition classes is described and compared with Standard English (SE) versions of the same essay. If student and SE versions were the same, this was considered mastery; if the student omitted a word, this was considered avoidance; and if the student added a word, this was considered overuse. The deaf students varied from SE more for function than for content words. They demonstrated low mastery of independent clause markers, demonstratives, third-person singular neuter pronouns, and modals related to possibility, but had relatively high mastery of the first-person singular, and some punctuation. These students strongly avoided some dependent clause markers, some demonstratives, the indefinite article, punctuation except for periods and commas, and the modal verbs may, might and should, but greatly overused other dependent clause markers, the second person and third-person neuter pronouns, quantifiers, the verb do, and the modals could and will. They were also more likely to produce run-ons than fragments. Examples of Function Words Use is appended. (Contains 20 tables and 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A